• By Ken Perrotte

Chattanooga – Gateway to Union Victory and Reconciliation - After Bloody Chickamauga

Updated: Nov 9


Richmond may have been the Confederacy’s capitol, but it wasn’t necessarily the lynchpin to Federal victory in the Civil War. No, it was taking Chattanooga, on the Tennessee River, that enabled Union troops under General William Sherman to march to the sea, destroying any vestige of Confederate will and ability to fight.

Learn about key battles related to this strategic city at several stops close to Chattanooga. Start first at the Chickamauga Battlefield Visitor Center. A completely updated, high definition, and sometimes graphic movie depicts the battles. The center is located within the City of Fort Oglethorpe. Fort Oglethorpe, now closed, was the 6th Cavalry’s home from 1919-1942. The 6th’s museum is on historic Barnhardt Circle.

Chickamauga, named after nearby Chickamauga Creek, was fought Sept. 19-20, 1863. Some 110,000 soldiers clashed. With more than 16,000 Union and 18,000 Confederate casualties, Chickamauga was the war’s bloodiest battle in the western theater. A gap in the Federal line nearly resulted in a rout of General William Rosecrans’ Army of the Cumberland. Gen. George Thomas (the “Rock of Chickamauga”) saved the day, consolidating a portion of the forces at Horseshoe Ridge, fending off repeated assaults, allowing soldiers to retreat to Chattanooga.

Confederate General Braxton Bragg laid siege, occupying the high ground at Lookout Mountain to Chattanooga’s south and Missionary Ridge to the east. By November, General Ulysses S. Grant was in command of the Union troops. On Nov. 24, 1863, Union forces used heavy fog to advance and seize Lookout Mountain in what was called, “The Battle Above the Clouds.” The Confederate troops reinforced Missionary Ridge. Federal flank attacks there the next day got nowhere so Grant ordered a second attack into the Confederate center. To the defenders’ dismay, the rifle pits at the base of the ridge were overrun. Yelling “Chickamauga,” the attackers rapidly fought their way up and over the steep, rugged ridge sending Bragg’s army frantically retreating into Georgia.

The Chickamauga National Military Park has a 7-mile self-guiding auto tour, monuments, historical tablets, hiking trails and horse trails. Point Park National Park on Lookout Mountain tells the story of the “Battle Above the Clouds.”

In 1889, at Chickamauga Battlefield’s Crawfish Springs, 14,000 soldiers who had fought there on both sides staged the “Blue and Gray Barbecue.” This historic reconciliation set the stage for the legislation creating Chickamauga-Chattanooga National Military Park, the nation’s first such park, dedicated in 1890.

For more Chattanooga touring stories and photos, including the incredible aquarium, click here. And, for some great fishing in the area, click here.

#Chickamauga #CivilWarbattlefield #LookoutMountain #PointPark #ChattanoogaNationalMilitaryPark #OutdoorsRambler #Perrotte

Subscribe for new stories, reviews, and more. 
(Don't worry, we won't spam you)

  • White Facebook Icon
  • White Twitter Icon
  • White Instagram Icon

© 2017-2020 Kmunicate Worldwide LLC, All Rights Reserved. Outdoors adventures, hunting, fishing, travel, innovative wild game and fish recipes, gear reviews and coverage of outdoors issues. Except as noted, all text and images are by Ken Perrotte (Outdoors Rambler (SM). Some items, written by Ken Perrotte and previously published elsewhere, are revised or excerpted under provisions of the Fair Use Doctrine

 

Privacy Policy:

What type of information do you collect? We receive, collect and store any information you enter on our website. In addition, we collect the Internet protocol (IP) address used to connect your computer to the Internet; login; e-mail address; password; computer and connection information and purchase history. We may use software tools to measure and collect session information, including page response times, length of visits to certain pages, page interaction information, and methods used to browse away from the page. We also collect personally identifiable information (including name, email, password, communications); payment details (including credit card information – although the site does not currently engage in any type of e-commerce), comments, feedback, product reviews, recommendations, and personal profile.

How do you collect information? When a visitor to the site sends you a message through a contact form or subscribes to receive updates and other communications about new stuff on the site, we collect that subscriber’s email address. That address is used only for marketing campaigns or other information we send regarding site updates or changes. Site usage data may be collected by our hosting platform Wix.com or by third-party services, such as Google Analytics or other applications offered through the Wix App Market, placing cookies or utilizing other tracking technologies through Wix´s services, may have their own policies regarding how they collect and store information. As these are external services, such practices are not covered by the Wix Privacy Policy. These services may create aggregated statistical data and other aggregated and/or inferred Non-personal Information, which we or our business partners may use to provide and improve our respective services. Data may also be collected to comply with any applicable laws and regulations.

How do you store, use, share and disclose your site visitors' personal information? Our company is hosted on the Wix.com platform. Wix.com provides us with the online platform that allows us to share information or sell products and services to you. Your data may be stored through Wix.com’s data storage, databases and the general Wix.com applications. They store your data on secure servers behind a firewall.

How do you communicate with your site visitors? The primary means of communicating with site users is via email for the purposes of marketing campaigns, promotions, and update. We may contact you to notify you regarding your subscription, to troubleshoot problems, resolve a dispute, collect fees or monies owed, to poll your opinions through surveys or questionnaires, to send updates about our company, or as otherwise necessary to contact you to enforce our User Agreement, applicable national laws, and any agreement we may have with you. For these purposes we may contact you via email, telephone, text messages, and postal mail.

How do you use cookies and other tracking tools? Our hosting platform Wix.com and our analytical services providers such as Google Analytics may place cookies that facilitate their services. To be perfectly honest, Kmunicate Worldwide LLC, the owner of outdoorsrambler.com, never looks at cookies or any other tracking/data collection tools, only the aggregated reports provided by the hosting service or analytical services providers.

How can your site visitors withdraw their consent? If you don’t want us to process your data anymore, please contact us using the “Contact Us” form on the site.

Privacy policy updates: We reserve the right to modify this privacy policy at any time, so please review it frequently. Changes and clarifications will take effect immediately upon their posting on the website. If we make material changes to this policy, we will notify you here that it has been updated, so that you are aware of what information we collect, how we use it, and under what circumstances, if any, we use and/or disclose it.